Missouri Law

Missouri Domestic Violence Firearm Purchase and Possession Prohibitions

Missouri does not prohibit purchase and possession of firearms or ammunition by persons convicted of misdemeanor crimes of domestic violence.

Missouri does not prohibit purchase and possession of firearms or ammunition by persons subject to orders of protection.


Civil Domestic Violence Orders of Protection that Require Removal

Missouri does not require removal of firearms or ammunition from subjects of domestic violence orders of protection; however, a court issuing an ex parte or final domestic violence order of protection may “include such terms as the court reasonably deems necessary to ensure the petitioner’s safety” that includes a non-exhaustive list of relief.1

Individuals Who May Petition for a Domestic Violence Order of Protection

Any person who has been subject to domestic violence by a present or former family or household member may petition for a domestic violence order of protection.2

“Domestic violence” is defined as “abuse or stalking committed by a family or household member.”3

“Abuse” is defined to include, but is not limited to, “the occurrence of any of the following acts, attempts or threats against a person who may be protected pursuant to” Missouri law:

  1. Assault;*
  2. Battery;*
  3. Coercion;*
  4. Harassment;*
  5. Sexual assault;*
  6. Unlawful imprisonment.*4

“Family or household member” includes:

  1. Spouses;
  2. Former spouses;
  3. Any person related by blood or marriage;
  4. Persons who are presently residing together or have resided together in the past;
  5. Any person who is or has been in a continuing social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim; and
  6. Anyone who has a child in common regardless of whether they have been married or have resided together at any time.5

This page was updated June 23, 2021. Please note that data used are the most recent available data.